I have spent the past few weekends transcribing my Great Grandfathers war diary. It was rather hard going in places but I am very happy that I have achieved this. Gave me real incite into what the boys go through that I wouldn’t have had if I had of just read it and not had to stop to decipher it. Some of it made me smile, some near made me cry.
His writing was a bit on the terrible side and the spelling and grammar almost non existent but it does make for an interesting read. I have kept the majority of the spelling mistakes etc that he has made as this was literally me preserving what he wrote.
I have also scanned every page along with several other items like postcards that have been kept from that time. This Christmas for the first time in probably 15 years my dad and his 5 siblings will be together. I have put all of this on to memory sticks for them and will be boxing them up with a note to present them on Christmas day. We will then probably donate it all to the war museum in Waiuku.
J W Lunam 29796
From December 30th 1916 till October 22nd 1917
Sat 30th Disembarked at Plymouth & entrained at for Bulford. Landed in Sling Camp at midnight
Sun 31st Reville 6.30 Lectured & General all round roar from Quarter Master Sergeant & Acting Sergeant Major Re being soldiers & not there to be wet nursed
January 1st 1917
Mon New Years Day An Easy Day. Heavy weight army Duff(?) for dinner.
Tues 2nd Medical inspection. Web equipment & a long rifle issued. A fair number off the boys on the mat for untidy beds & all landed Pack Drill & C.B. See Description off sling camp on Page 104
Wed 8 Reveille 6.30 Breakfast 7. 1 hr & ½ to Rise make beds sweep up shave & polish gears & have breakfast on Battalion Parade ground slush up to the ankles. Training in the bullring everything done at the double. Old goosestep resurrected Bayonet exercises & Physical jerks. Lecture on Gas, (Cylinder & shell) Battalion formed up for march past On Picadilly Stunt. Dinner Lecture on Lewis Gun & Mills hand grenade. Dismissed.
Thur 4 Same Routine
Friday 5 “
Sat 6 “
Sun 7 Church Parade Afternoon off
Mon 8 Fatigue Army Supply Store
Tue 9 Digging trenches & erecting bags for Bayonet Punching for new Bullring
Wed 10 “
Thur 11 “
Fri 12 Went to Sidworth with blankets to Fumigator on a motor lorrie. Met some of the boys on a route march Having a rough time.
Sat 13 Finished Bullring
Sun 14 Church Parade
Mon 15 Fatigue at A. S. C. Stables
Tue 16 Marking D butts in the morning Elementary musketry in the afternoon.
Wed 17 “
Thur 18 Paraded Sick with sore throat & got a Dose of Sarcasm also medicine & duty. Reported for Duty
Butts in time to come home again musketry in the afternoon stopped a roar from O. C. for reporting at the orderly room with cigarette butt behind my ear
Fri 19 Butt Duty in the morning. Musketry in the afternoon. Three Tommy instructors sentenced by court-martial to detention for takeing Xmas leave & sentence read out in front of battalion on a special parade. Missed a route march hearing sentence.
Sat 20 Reported to dentist in the morning. Musketry in the afternoon
Sun 21 Fatal accident, aeroplane came down & killed pilot at near by aerodrome. Church Parade
Mon 22 Musketry course all day
Tue 23 Shooting on Range. Bullring in the afternoon
Wed 24 Musketry in Morning. Shooting in the afternoon
Thur 25 Shooting on the range all day
Frid 26 Same as Tue 23rd
Sat 27 Shooting on the range in the morning. Route march in the afternoon.
Sun 28 Church Parade
Mon 29 Shooting on Range. Bullring afternoon
30 Tue Field Practice on Range all day
31 Wed Route march remarch past one of the heads. Dummy Bomb throwing & ceremonial drill & Bayonet exercise. Masseys dollar well earned
Thur 1 Went through gas test Fatigue in the afternoon straightening up the camp and getting ready for London leave
2 Fri Landed at Waterloo Station London Mid-day. Had a fair time. Went to Old Drury Theatre in the evening.
3 Sat Knocked about the streets all day. Mostly well lost. Fortunately a nice young lady took care off me for the evening.
4 Sun Stopped at the Union Jack Club all day
5 Mon Started out to tour the Big Smoke. Finished up at Stockwell S.W. London 3 oclock next morning
6 Tue Rested at the club all day after previous heavy one. Left for Sling 9 oclock night turned in three next morning
7 Wed Web equipment all to pieces. 10 minutes late on parade up before O. C. & received 4 days C. B. & pack drill. Answered all calls & done on hours pack drill in the snow & am pleased to say that B. C. got an expensive bullet through the head on the 12 th October at Passchendaele
8 Thursday Paraded sick to the quack. Swung it on a sore throat dumped the poison or medicine in the gutter. Avoided all Pack drill for three days & C. B. by order off said quack
9 Fri Still swinging it & attending the quack for dope
10 Sat Term of C. B. Spun out finished with the quack. Put on draft for Overseas
11 Sun Parade for C. O.’s inspection left sling at 9 at night for Folkestone. Travelled all night
Mon 12 Arrived at Folkestone 3 in the morning. Left at 3 in the afternoon & disembarked at Boulogne at 5 marched up to (?) blanket hill & stopped the night & done a nice freeze
13 Tue Marched to Boulogne railway station & entrained for NZ Base at Etaples. 12 in a tent but discipline & rations very rag-time
14 Wed Light day kit inspections drew extra blackets all tarps(?) froze over got a wash if you where lucky every three days. Drew extra rifle & gas helmets
15 Thur Bullring. Drill Bayonet exercise. Physical jerks in Loose sand
16 Fri On Picquet for two hrs Etaples done nothing during day.
17 Sat Bullring throwing dummy
bombs. Bayonet Practice. Lecture on wireing & repairing trenches
18 Sun Church Parade
19 Mon Bullring. Lecture on Bombing Bayonet practice. Route March
20 Tue Reported to quack with false teeth smashed on Army biscuits. Got ED and chit for dentist
21 Wed Reported crook to quack with bad cold. Got M. D. & ordered to parade for Route march which I side stepped.
22 Thur Marched down to big laundry with dirty washing. Got paid afternoon
23 Fri One off the boys got a rash & all the crowd in the tent had to get there clobber fumigated
24 Sat Druden & Baird left to join the division. Got stuff at the fumigator. End off a perfect week
25 Sun Church Parade
26 Mon Reported crook with cough & got L. D. Hoppy & Mitchell from Sling took Command of the camp
27 Tue Bullring good easy day. Old Hoppy goes for the stir up. Abolishes Monte Carlo. Rubs in the discipline & puts better tucker on the board.
28 Wed Fatigue cleaning out trenches at Bullring
1 Thur Lecture on Bombing. Wireing Part & Digging in at the Bullring
2 Fri Wireing & Digging in Practice at Bullring.
3 Sat Draft of 1200 19th Reinforcements
Arrived from Sling. Route march & musketry
4 Sun Dodged Church Parade by takeing a walk. On Picquet at Etaples
5 Mon Company Ceremonial Drill & Company in attack Physical Jerks in Snow & sand. The crowd refused to run for Tommy Sergeant Major.
6 Tue Route March in the morning Company Drill & rifle exercise in the afternoon & Got Paid
7 Wed Paraded & got corns fixed & Put the day in Salvation Army hut. Very cold bleak weather
8 Thur Put under draft orders to join the Division. Medical inspection nothing doing for rest of the day
9 Fri Draft postponed till Saturday Parade for kit inspection & shortages
10 Sat Still under draft orders
11 Sun Church Parade & still under Orders
12 Mon Entrained at Etaples & got off at 9 in dark in the at Steenwerk. Stopped in Old Frenchies farm barnat De. Suel
Tue 13 Still in billets stopped all day
Wed 14 Left to join Coy(?) Stopped in big bivvy in subsids(?) for the night
Thur 15 Joined the 1st Otago Batt 14th South Otago Company 16 plaoon. Had a lecture by O. C. as to the folly of being too curious & a few machine gun bullets came over too back up his argument. The Batt relieved the Royal Irish rifles & where two days in the line. The 4th & 8th boys holding front line & supports the 10th & 14th in subsids at Nwev Neuve Eglise. Belgium in front off Messines.
Fri 16 Done nothing shifted Back too big bivvy. That we left too join the Coy(?) on the 15th
Sat 17 On Fatigue cleaning upon old Communication French Very quiet The Paddies said it was a home from home. Two bullets per day & one whizz bang per week.
Sun 18 Cleaning up the same sap & putting in duck walks & revetting. Near Tenth Coy. Bivvy’s called MacBrides. Mansions. I too a loaf oweing too the Australions advanceing at Bullecourt on the Someme.
Mon 19 Still at the same job. Leading the life of a retired sheep dog. Plenty ease & starvation. All old had hands picking trouble as quite a few dug out kings knocking about viewing the Wily Huns trenches. General Sir Alexander Godley was up having a look.
Tue 20 Still at the same old Sap. Had a nasty shock in the shape of a dud whizzbang dropping along side off me. Proveing that the O. C. was right the Hun did try too kill men.
Wed 21 Finished the sap had an easy day. Prepareing to leave
Thur 22 Releived by 2nd Otago moved out to Kortepyp billets. Picked out to go on Battalion Guard at the Head quarters & blink had rough spin
Fri 23 Finished Guard shifted to billets at Hillside Camp Waterloo road. Cold snowy weather bleak winds
Sat 24 Went on fatigue to the line repairing Mid-land Farm Support line. Supposed to be out for a rest
Sun 25 Marched up to the line about 4 or 5 miles to clean up same support close to a mine head which the Hun had an idea off & weed too paste regularly with H. E. Howitzer shells
Mon 26 Rained & snowed all day went on bathing parade to Divisional baths. Inlying picquet at night. A bit of rot by the heads too keep the boys in the billets
Tue 27 Fatique in the Midland Farm support cleaning out blown in French
Wed 28 Same fatigue
On a bread hunt at night
Thur 29 Same Fatigue
Fri 30 Releived 2nd Battalion in Front line. The 14th & 10th Coys in Line & 4th & 8th in Subsids. The Hun had raided 2nd 14th Coy while we where out & blew things about 5 hrs fatigue cleaning up & patching Blown in Communication Trench
Sat 31 Slept all day in a rat infested bivvy on concrete floor went down at night at stand too bring in rations had a rough spin carrying in the stew from subsids
Sun 1 On carrying in Stew & Bacon Burger & Tea from Company cooks in subsids. One off the battalion signallers got court martialled for sending up false messages re no patrols out in no mans land as a 1st April joke
Mon 2 On night post in one off the bays 4hrs on & 8 off snowy weather. Bleak winds. 200 duffs & light trench mortar bombs sent over into Huns front line & wire & got know stuff back. Very quiet time.
Tue 3 Still on night post. Snowing a treat
Wed 4 Relieved listening post. The post was enfiladed by a machine gun from the Hospice on the Ridge & was not worth putting men into as it was between wire & parapet: No mans land could be seen from the bays better
Thur 5 Listening Post. Came out too Kortepyp billets relieved by South Wales Borderers 25th Division.
Good Fri 6 Easy day went to Divisional baths. Done a. Dug up George Paton 2nd D. A. I had a tour around the Estaminets.
Went to Divisional Baths. & Done a little Platoon drill’
Sun 8 Church Parade
Mon 9 Marched up too Supports to do a little fatigue. Started too now & stopped the troops from working So we had a n afternoon off for a wonder.
Tue 10 Physical Jerks in the morning. Another promenade to the war.Digging a new C. J. None off the troops were warned for fatigue and they all got Stunned up. Things where very ragtime on the march up.
Wed 11 Slept all day. Snowing pretty solid all day & night
Thur 12 Carrying sandbags from mine head to build up parapet in Baoyle C. J.
Fri 13 Still on the same game. Only the Hun spotted fatigue party & sent a few whizzbangs & H E over
Sat 14 Nothing doing all day digging a New Support line at night & when we got about 2 ft down The Hun started a type writer going & kept the
Heads civil & the troops on the bob down your shotted racket
Sun 15 Slept all day getting plenty rest for big promenade back too training area
Mon 16 Battalion left for training ground to practise for big stunt at Messines via Bailluel & billeted in a barn close too Strazelle. Cold bleak winds & rain
Tue 17 On the track again marched through Haze-brouck. Stopped in billets near Sirkus (Sercus?) in a barn & had to kick the pig out. Weather still bad
Wed 18 15 mile march to Esquerdos Via Wizernes & Arcque (Arques?). Weather rotten & also cobblestones swag wet & our circus band playing the end off a perfect day & also had the pleasure off marching past Hun prisoners on the way to work in motor lorries.
Thur 19 3 mile march too training ground. Bayonet exercise platoon drill drill & platoon in attack
Fri 20 Physical jerks before breakfast the rest of the day same as the 19th
21 Sat Physical jerks more bayonet drill Platoon & Coy in attack
22 Sun Church parade & Company photographed
23 Mon Bathing Parade to St Omer had a good day weather good
24 Tue Shooting on the rifle range
25 Wed Digging trenches same as ours & the Huns at Messines
26 Thu Dummy Stunt Brigade practicing a hop over in waves & open order
1st Otago & first waves 1st Canterbury & 2nd Canterbury to go through & 2nd Otago in reserve. Sold off as a brigade carrier
27 Fri Brigade practice Stokes Carrier attached to No8 Light Trench mortar
28 Sat Stunt in street fighting for the benefit off battalion commanders
29 Sun Brigade practiced another hop over
30 Mon Another Stunt for the C. O’s benefit. Got ready for to go back to the war.
1 Tue Off back to the war. Billeted at Cirkus. Weather very hot. The march started like a kangaroo hunt fast & furious with the blessed circus band making the pace & ended with the troops all foot sore
2 Wed Left Sirkus for Strazelle & Discovered in the evening that a family off Scots Greys had come too stay. Got them at our farm in Esquerdes. The platoon was billeted on the floor off the barn alongside the pigs. See Page 110
3 Thur Arrived at Kortepyp billets the Y. M. C. A. came too light with a cup of cocoa & Pkt biscuits
4 Fri Went up too the war at night to deepen & widen Assembly trench in No mans land
5 Sat Deepening sap(?) leading out to the assembly trench. Came home behind. A barrage laid down by the Hun on the billets & roads & found Our YMCA hut with the end & roof blown in & the hut peppered with shrapel. Got to bed 5am on
6 Sun Fatique repairing parapet in front line. All the 2nd Brigade in front line & supports doing fatigue Dinkuras holding the line
And the 1st Brigade back training. A lot off extra trenches dug to hold men for comeing stunt. & to give the Hun more to shell & scatter his fire. Which oweing to the practice shoots our artillery where having was getting Willing
7 Mon On Fatigue in the Assembly trenches having a nice quiet time till 2 in the morning & then the Wily Hun opened up with a drum fire for 20 minutes on a Front line C.J’s & Supports but didn’t come over. Fatigue was a 5 mile march up & 5 back leave the billets at dusk & get back at day light.
8 Tue Straff on the left & the Auckland crowd raided but the Hun still kept out.
9 Wed Raid on the left. Hun came over proceeded by Minnies & Gas shells & the Huns all specially stunned for the occasion. The Fritzies where doing a lot off raiding too try & find out when the hop over was due by pinching prisoners But had no luck
10 Thur Repairing & Carrying Sandbags for new Battalion Headquarters dureing comeing stunt
11 Fri Digging another Assembly Trench in No mans land. Got a nasty shock comeing home while walking in front off a howitzer battery just heard the Battery sergeant say No 1 Gun drop 100 Fire in time too bob down
12 Sat Fatigue in Front line Having a rough spin & feeling pretty light. Arriveing home day light get into bed hop out in an hours time for breakfast. Get back & then a blessed Orderly Sergeant or Platoon Sergeant with any body want to change a tunic or get boots mended
Or two francs wanted for mess fund or buy a bag off flour too thicken the stew
13 Sun More fatigue the end off a nights rotton fatigue. Shell fire getting hotter.
14 Mon Changed today fatigue building little dumps for ammunition for the artillery along side Messines road reserve stuff & plenty off it all the hedges & cockies crops where full off shells ready for the stunt
15 Tue Same fatigue
16 Wed “
17 Th Started sand bagging head quarters for Artillery during stunt. A nice quiet job
18 Fri Same Fatigue & quietly buzzed off & had a nice quiet rest & a sleep under a hedge.
19 Sat Supposed to be on the same fatigue but had some more shut eye
20 Sun Building a cook shop
21 Mon Changed over from day till night fatigue
Building up a parapet in Medicine Hat Trail C.J.
23 Wed Start off 6 days special Lewis Gun Instruction. Put on Gun Reserve Shifted from Kortepyp to Red Lodge Ploegsteert Wood. 2n Batt relieved Dinks
24 Th All 2nd Brigade bar 2nd 49 8th Coys in Ploegsteert Woods in billets which old Hun used too shell occasionly. Carrying up concrete blocks for putting on Battalion Bivvy for busters to explode shells & Lewis Gun instruction in Afternoon for 2 hrs.
25 Fri Fatigue in Medicine Hat Extension. A sap a coach & four could be driven down & infiladed by machine gun fire & one big naval gun opened out on supposed to be Hun concrete bivvys in Hun front line & was bumping them short into our own front line. The old Hun got windy & put a surprise machine gun barrage over. Our artillery practicing barrages & drum fire every-day. A chap wants to be in a good possie when the Fritzie gets the snakey & answers back. More Lewis Gun instruction. Having a rotten time getting chased
Out of billet by shellfire nearly every night & in front off nest off batterys.
26 Sat Loading busters on G.S. waggons & Iron rails for bivvys for 11th battery. And got shelled out of job & barrery blown out. Fresh batterys all the time comeing in & opening out on to the Hun for too get the range & then laying quiet ready for comeing stunt. Barrerys where pretty well wheel to wheel & shell dumps getting blown up every where & Some big aeroplane goes as many as 15 planes In one flight.
27 Sun On Pushing party shoveing up duck walks and A Frames from Subsids to near front line on truck onlight line used for running stuff over the top at night. Run into a bit off hot shell fire & had too take cover
28 Mon Digging Bivvy posies for Brigade Flag wagers dureing stunt. End off Lewis Gun instruction plenty off dug-out kings knocking about.
29 Tue Carrying flying pigs to heavy mortar from Stinking farm to Boyle C. J. & nothing
Must do but the gunners must send some over to the Hun while the crowd where carrying them up the sap. The pig is oval in shape with propeller off three blades & full off amnonal (ammonal) weighs about 15lb & kills by concussion at about 16ft under ground & Is Guaranteed to make the Hun go snake headed. So when he gets an issue of pigs. Two guns start too search for pig gun & as the Gun is mounted near the sap The boys had to drop pigs & go for it back to support line
1st Battalion relieved 2nd Garrisoning the line 4th Coy went in oweing to heavy shell fire from the Hun after our artillery had their practice shoots Only Lewis Gun Teams Held front line.
30 Wed Still carrying pigs got no back answers from the Hun
31 Thur Sand-bagging parappte parapet In M Napier Assembly French a Promatar Dud 18 pounder shell from one off our guns landed in parpe parapet otherwise a quiet day.
1 Fri Changed over into subsids relieved Canterbury 1st Batt for 24 hours Gun teams went into front line watched one off the artillery practice barrages out off Artillery Concrete B. P. could see nothing but dust flying & shrapel bursts over Hun trenches. Had a nice spell no fatigue. Just a few H. E.’s flying about.
2 Sat Changed over with 3rd Auckland Coy. & came back to Canteen Corner near big railway dump which the Hun was trying to break up with H.V. Naval shells from Lille at night the troops all scattered
Into froggies wheat crop
3 Sun Final voluntary Church Parade for troops before battle. The 2nd Brigade & Rifle Brigade assembled together for conference off heads. Spelled all day
4 Mon Batheing Parade to Ponte Nieppe (Pont De Nieppe?). Spelled the rest off day
5 Tue Detached from Company & sent to Brigade Carrier Headquarters to Carry in forth-comeing stunt marched up to Fishers Place in the Subsids & carried water up to tanks in Front line for use
Dureing the stunt in old petrol tins that hadn’t been cleaned out properly & had the pleasure off being in front of 10 pounder battery fireing salvos & plenty off Hun shells dropping around.
6 Wed Carrying reserve water all day & reserve rations till near midnight & then put 1000 rounds S. A. A. on the pack ready for the hop over in the morning camped in King Edward trench the Old Hun put plenty off gas shells back on too Barrerys & Roads Which the Brigades had to come through to assemble
7 Thur Hopped over the top with ammunition. 3 o’clock in the morning 7 mines went up all machine guns, trench mortars Batterys & Naval guns opened out the British trenches where shook by mines & We It was a job too hear any-one shouting in your ear & when the dopey two star-artist in ch charge off us who was either boozed or half mad with excitement Started to wave his arms about & shout down down & wanted the mob to go busters in shell holes every few yards & yelling out follow me New Zealand & was also getting lost I thought I’d play alone hand & go on my part I had the pleasure off running into an artillery Major & a flag
Wager in a shell hole with their water bottles full of O.P. Rum & they put two big nips off rum into me. I travelled on & dumped my load & on the way back I was forced to salvage a flash pair of Hun boots polished a treat & laced up at the sides & the rum was getting too work. Dressed a trifle rough. The tin cady with old sand bag cover & the stump off a candle on the top never had a wash for two or three days & a shave for a week. Tunic grease stained & torn. Ditto trousers & puttees with dinky pair off Hun boots. Lousy as a banicoot & Stunned to beat the band * The Hun never had a hope. I was like kicking a lamb in the face
*not forgetting a Hun cigar.
The Stong posts on top off the ridge where al cracked & blown up Mine craters that where about 14 or 15 ft deep & the same across & shell holes full off blood. The 2nd Brigade 1st Otago Battalion & the Dinks went over & the 1st Brigade went through them. The Irish Rifle Went over on the left & took Wysharte(? Possibly a last name?) & Australians 4th Division on the right The 3rd Division Went through the New Zealanders & Got cut up. Our dopey office got us all in a shell-hole & told us how he wouldn’t like too shoot us for not takeing any notice off him. We didn’t hurt him as we thougth the thing wasn’t responsible for its actions. When I got home I found the Home broke up by a
Hun shell & also a ration dump blown up. Plenty off tucker for the troops. The band new 4th Brigade got its 1st dose off shell fire repairing the Messines Road. The Hun Prisoners that came in looked half-starved & dazed with shell-fire. They had just changed over & had rations off tinned horse black bread & mouldy sausages. I never seen one off there rifles with a bayonet fixed.
8 Fri Carrying water & loading & unloading mules under shall fire from old line to new supports & shell fire pretty hot
9 Sat Packing wire standards & wire
For entanglements to the top off the ridge
Sun 10 Changed over with Australians came out to Waterloo Rd
Mon 11 Company reorganised & came after stunt & had a Bathing parade to Ponte Nieppe & getting ready too relieve Australians in the line at the Potteries Ploegsteert
12 Tue Left Company again as Brigade Carrier
13 Wed Went too Hyde Park Corner Ploegsteert Wood. Too many Honours flying about for to have a pleasant birthday
Stopped the night in the Catacombs A dug-out made too hold about 2 battalions off men & oweing too the cowardice off a Sergeant Phillips South Wales Borderers who gave the show away when he was taken Prisoner by the Hun used to get a hot time & about this time a new gas came on the scene It smelt like mustard & might not take affect for a week after If swallowed injureing the heart & lungs or blistering & blinding when comeing in contact with the eyes & skin
14 Thur Shifterd from Catacombs too Prowses Point Dump unloading ammunition off trolley
15 Fri Same as 14th
16 Sat Unloading ammunition in the morning & went to New Support lines with Wire & Standards at night & got a hot time.
17 Sun Had a rest after strenuous night.
18 Mon Changed over with 1st Bgde & came out too Kortipyp billets the Daily Mail had an observation balloon close to the billets which must have been seeing too much As the Hun used too shell it with sharpnal & the nose-caps & Duds
Used too land in our parade ground. It was burnt by a Fritz plane 2 days running with inciendary bullets.
19 Tue Reorganised put in Lewis Gun Team. Had an easy day
20 Wed Lewis Gun Instruction all day
21 Thur Brigade Paraded all shone up Sydney Flash to be Inspected & kidded too by Godley 2 Anzac Army Corps. Commander. Lewis Gun Instruction
22 Fri Lewis Gun Instruction.
23 Sat Lewis Gun Instruction in the morning & Inspection by General Russell N.Z. Divisional Commander in the Afternoon.
24 Sun Church Parade
25 Mon Lewis Gun Instruction. Inspection off billets & Battalion Transport by Russell.
26 Tue Lewis Gun Instruction. Fireing on Range in the afternoon
27 Wed Wet Day. Lewis Gun Instruction in the billets
28 Thur Shifted billets to Lylo Farm. In support to Australions holding the line in frontoff Messines
29 Fri Wet fixed up a shelter
30 Sat Cleaning up a New Sap on the top off Messines Ridge
1 Sun Off all day. Went too see a cobber in 2nd Machine Gun Coy
2nd Mon Fatigue cleaning up new C. J. that was dug through old Hun lines & shell-
shook country where the artillery used to have their practice shoots on & was up to the knees in mud. Fatigue was every other night.
3 Tue Parade Gas Helmets Inspection
4 Wed Fatigue Laying duck walks
5 Thur Drill all morning all Ceremonial Stuff & Musketry in the after-noon
7 Sat Went to Ponte Nieppe for bath. The bath house was an old brewery converted & the vats turning into baths the rope & sandbag
works along side had been blown & burnt by a Hun Inciendary shell
6 Fri Fatigue deepening & widening G. J. In front off Messines
8 Sun Church Parade & Fatigue at night
9 Mon Off all day
10 Tue Lewis Gun Instruction & Platoon Drill & also Coy C. J. With Circus band playing
11 Wed Drill in the morning & went too Ponte Nieppe for bath in the afternoon
12 Thur Left for Estairs (Estaires) via Steenwerk (Steenwerck) Dieulue (Le Doulieu) & billeted in a barn. The Weather very hot & the Curse & Pace solid
13 Fri Drill & Practiceing for Battalion Sports
14 Sat Ceremonial Drill Bayonet & Lewis Gun Instruction
15 Sun Church Parade & Battalion Sports
16 Mon Went & done a little shopping in Estaires. The place was full off Portuguese who where holding the
line at Laventis (Laventie)
17 Tue More Ceremonial drill & Practice for Another Battalion sports meeting
18 Wed 1 ½ hrs Ceremonial Drill on account off rain had the rest of the day off
19 Thur Off on the track with the Curse up going back to the war. Landed at the catacombs Hyde Park Corner after Heavy days march Along the pleasant
leafy roads off Flanders I don’t think
20 Fri All day off
Fatigue at night Finish
21 Sat finishing New Supports the Australians had fixed the line was on the right flank off the Messine. Advanced & was held by Australians who we relieved In Ploesteert Wood. Which was supposed to be King Alberts hunting ground about two or three hundred acres in extent & looked like as if a big mob of wild pigs had been through it & was shelled heavy with gas shells The gas used too hang about along
Time in the bush & when it died out a fresh issue was put in a regular net-work of dug duck walks where laid through the bush & called after London Streets. It was here the Canadians got gassed dureing the early stages of the war. The catacombs where safe when inside off them but the entrances where shelled heavy. The first morning the battalion lost men. The old trench system off warfare was disappearing developing into Semi open War. Dureing the
time the Brigade held the sector. The papers used to report Hostile artillery slightly active the 2nd Brigade only had about 2,000 casualltys.
Sun 22 Pay Day & Fatigue on the same job
Mon 23 Slept all day & night. Fatigue a wash-out
Mon Tue 24 Fatigue on New Support line
Wed 25 Still the same job
Thur 26 Bathing Parade too Ponte Nieppe marched through
Ploegsteert village or what was left off it. The village street run level with the Hun line & the British put guns in the shops after the villagers had left & the Hun found them & smashed the place up with big heavy Howitzer shells. The church had only one pillar left. The old Hun could put a shell in the middle off the road when ever he liked which he very often did.
Fri 27 3 hrs fatigue digging a sap at the Catacombs
Sun 29 Changed over with 1st Canterbury Into a strong point called Eel Pie fort in the bush. Held by Lewis Gunners
Mon 30 Easy day
Tue 31 Digging a sap & clearing an old Hun one out for 1st Brigade to Pass through Fatigue Party got well straffed comeing home with whizz-gangs & 5,9’s the whizz-bangs is fired by a quick fireing field gun & has a low trajectory The 5.9 is Howitzer with Instantaneous action that is, it just touches the ground
& breaks up It is used for shelling infantry or open country & breaking up Wire Entanglements
Wed 1 The 1st Bgde done a hop over & chased the Hun out off a little village called La Basece Ville on the France-Belgian Border. It used too boast a sugar refinery & was a fair sized village. The Hun had made reinforced concrete pillboxes in the street & had a double storied Estaminet concreted up for a snipers possie & 5.9 shells used to whizz off it with out making any
impression the 4th 8th Coy was holding the line & suffered fairly heavy when the 1st Brigade hopped over as the Hun laid a barrage down on our lines. There was no fatigue that night.
Thur 2 Had a look at the R. M. O. with a swelled. When I was comeing home from fatigue on the 31 July The gentle Hun straffed the road & The mob had to take to the open country in front off Supports & got Mixed up in our own wire. The Batt Quack was a hard thing with only 4 medicines
caster-oil, number nine pill Iodine & a dose off sarcasm used too take drugs & was a vet in civvie life. I landed E. D. rained all day
Fri 8 Changed over with 4th & 8th Coys. 10th Coy carrying rations & other fatigue 14th in out-posts In front off La Bassee Ville Lost the guide & rest off the crowd giving to heavy shell-fire & Getting stuck in a shell hole the crowd went like scalded cats & I lost them but picked up two other chaps on the same fix & we had a rotten time up & down the village stret ducking dodgeing Machine Gun
Bullets & we just leave a place & two or three little how de do’s would land & break up We found those blessed out-posts at mid-night. We stood to the rest of the night and sat down in the mud in the day time
Sat 4 Squatted in the mud all day. The gun & crowd had to keep quiet a Hun Plane used too come over at stand too every morning flying low trying too pick up out posts. The Lewis Gun was there in case The Hun came over. The Vickers used to do all Anti aircraft
& indirect fire from Support we where relieved by two other platoons at midnight & came out too Supports & stood too the rest of the night
Sun 5 I must have got a touch of gas because it took me all I knew how to walk So I reported to the quack He told me to get my gear & sent me out The old Hun spotted me & sent a 5.9 after me which missed & then tried a buret of shrapnel & had more hard luck I landed in the 4th Field Ambulance at Nieppe that night
Put the day in, in bed. The Amulance was stationed in an old school house And the rest I got was an Irishmans as the Hun put a 5.9 shell on the roof off the house next door give the Medical Corps Sergeant who was inside courting Madam’s daughter a scare & Also shelled the church & street. About this time the Hun blew Armentiers (Armentieres) to pieces & sent a lot off gas-shells & gassed a lot of women & children who where taking refuge in the cellars. The sky was all red round the place Just like a big bush-fire going
All day in bed The tucker was very good. A lot off Patriotic Stuff.
Wed 8 Got up & knocked about the yard part off the day. A bit groggy on it
Thur 9 Same as 8th
Fri 10 “ “
Sat 11 Up all day
Sun 12 Got fed up with knocking about a back-yard The quack on duty marked me fit to join the Goy again & gave me a note to hand to Battalion Quack
recommending 3 days Excused Duty. Reported at Reinforcements Camp De Suel (Seule)
Mon 13 Rejoined Unit at Regina Camp The Coy was wireing in front off La Bassee Ville & where getting a rough time marching up about 4 or 5 mile along a well shelled road. They had a few casualitys
Tue 14 Reported to quack & gave him the note & the cow gave me light duty & I went on Gas Guard that night. There where a lot off barrerys around the camp The Hun used too bomb & shell & the shell splinters used to whizz in
among the huts
Wed 15 Light Duty making Camoflougge for to screen batterys
Thur 16 The 1st Brigade relieved us & the crowd got a day off before shifting billets The 8th Coy where having a rifle inspection & the thing that was in Charge off the carriers was their C. G. When the Hun put a shell into a rubbish heap alongside off them. That parade broke up quick & busy
Fri 17 Changed over with Wellington
The Hun gave us a farewell by putting a few shells into the billets 8 or 9 men where killed & died off wounds Our G. C. got the wind up & bolted to Romarin & left his gas bag We shifted too Canteen Corner On Fatigue at Messines at night.
Sat 18 Riffle & foot inspection getting ready for a tour to the training grounds. Fatigue at Messines at night cleaning out a C. J. We went up part off the way in & Light Railway & got a hot time at the job from the Hun
Sun 19 Church Parade
Mon 20 Foot Inspection and a general
polish up. Got word to be ready for the track early next morning.
Tue 21 Left for La Mott (?) wood via Steenwerk (Steenwerck) & Dieulue (Le Doulieu) & billeted in a barn near Marville (Merville) after a strenuous march
Wed 22 Battalion Parade in the morning. Bathing parade in the morning afternoon went for a swim in the canal
Thur 23 Two hrs Route march & 1 hr Lewis Gun practice Bathing Parade at the canal in the afternoon & Got paid. Haveing a fair time
Fri 24 Same as 23rd Rumours off going back further to training area
Sat 25 Same as 24
Sun 26 Church Parade went too Merville. The place was full off Portuguese holding Laventis Sector
Mon 27 Route March on the mat for not getting hair trimmed when warned by O. C. & landed 7 days C. B. Had too report to report to Regimental Police every ½ hr when off duty till Last Post with the curse up The Battalion Headquarters was
in an estaminet so a chap had a fair time. Drinking Champaigne with the John Hopo
Tue 28 On the track again. Whenent through Strazeel in the morning before daylight & entrained at Caestre. The place which was the Headquarters off General Plumer. 2nd Army Commander During the Messines Stunt & was full Chinese doing fatigue behind the line. Had too wait for two or three hrs for a train landed at Wizernest (Wizernes) marched down a valley through Esquerda (Esquerdes) Lumbres & billeted that night in a barn at Seninghem after heavy day
Wed 29 All battalion C. Bs put on clink guard at night. The clink was in an old French cottage Out off the heads way & there was a good Orchard close by. One of the prisoners was caught with a guard having a shot at the Battalion wet canteen by the R. S. M. & he paid a surprise visit to the clink & shook up a barshee(?) corporal in charge That Guard was a great affair & a man got a god blow out off roast apples
Thur 30 Releived by the 4th Coy Guards At night. After a fair day No calls to answer
Fri 31 On Fatigue carrying bricks To make an oven for Coy Cooks. Showery weather The rest off the boys where charging up & down the road with S. B. R.s + PH gas helmets on between the showers. Getting a worse spin than the C B kings
Sat 1st Whent out too training ground & Done a little Cerimonial Drill Round me nip Jerry & I’ll tell ye why & when as the bayonet instruction say. Had too come home
on account of the rain in the afternoon. C. B work washing transport limbers In the evening
2 Sun Church Parade & rifle instruction Term of CB spun out
3 Mon Coy Cerimonial Drill & Practicing Battalion in Attack C Os inspection
4 Tue Battalion in attacks & Shooting on Miniature Rifle Range & Musketry
5 Wed Shooting on the Range. Lewis Gun Instruction. I Went to baths in the afternoon
6 Thur Brigade in attack very rag-time
The Brigade was practicing open warfare and going forward in rushes & waves wave formation consists off 2 platoons first wave Bombers & bayonet men 1st line Lewis Gunners & Rifle Grenadeirs & line rushes by sections platoon office slightly in advance off 2nd line with signaller batman & observer platoon sergeant with 1st line the 2nd wave is stronger in order too reinforce 1st line that is on a Company front on a Battalion there would be 4 platoons let wave 9 16 for brigade with double the force in second wave & the other 16 reserved. In regard to the way this dummy stunt was done
the Brigadier informed the 4 Cos that the men would have all been oued if the thing was dinkums to Brighten the men up a little. So the boys got plenty of the gentle double
Fri 7 Battalion Ceremonial Drill Lewis Gun Practice & Platoon in attack
Sat 8 Platoon Drill & Platoon in attack went to baths in the afternoon
Sun 9 Church Parade in the morning & went too Lumbres in the afternoon to have a look at the village
Mon 10 Brigade drawn up in revue order to practice for a revue by Sir Doug Haig The privates had a fair time But The Brigadier stirred up the officers
Tue 11 Battalion practice revue order stuff & Lewis Gun practice & went too Baths
Wed 12 Brigade done another revue order stunt & Lewis Gun Practice after
Thur 13 Cerimonial drill & Lewis Gun Practice. Went on Guard at the Clink at night
Fri 14 On Guard at the Clink
All day one off the Froggie girls caught a prisoner up an apple tree & we had a bit off a circus till one off the boys financed things The Briga 1st 2nd & 4th Brigades where revued by Doug haid The Dinkums where up at Ypres laying cables. Came off guard at night
15 Sat A big dummy Brigade Stunt in bush fighting in among The blackberries a great war nice war on the Lumbres front
16 Sun Church Parade & went to dig up Bob who joined the 2nd south Canterbury 2nd C.J.B. that day
17 Mon Coy open warfare & Lewis Gun Practice
18 Tue Wet day Afternoon put in with Lewis Gun Practice at the billets
19 Wed Battalion open warfare practice for ½ the rest off the day off
20 Thur 1/4 of an hrs Lewis Gun Practice the rest of the day off on account off rain. Went down to 2nd CJB
21 Fri Brigade Open Warfare practice all day marched The 14th Coy marched to a big rifle range & put in the night there
22 Sat there
Shooting on the Range best part off the day averag put up by the Coy. Was 120 points Marched back to the billets again & Got Paid
23 Sun Church Parade
24 Mon Battalion organised for open warfare Cut out for carrying
25 Tue The Curse up and off to the war again Via Eequerd Wizernes & Arcques & Billeted for the night at Russeaux. The Gun team turned in about 11 oclock on account off the final spre before stunt
26 Wed Off at daybreak
Off at daybreak. We where carrying sand
bags on account off shortage off transport so the heads said & where accused by the Australians off scabbing on the mules & was having a rotten time. The morning after the night before again. Billeted at ST Marie Capelle (Sainte-Marie-Cappel) close to 2nd Army Headquarters at Cassell. Going to Ypres front for a hop over
27 Thur On the track again for Watou. Passed through Steenwoode & crossed the Franco-Belgian Border We where marching along all the back tracks leaveing all the main Rds clear for heavy traffic such as motor transport & gun limbers going to Ypres
28 Fri Shifted again too within a mile off Ypres via Poperinghe (Poperinge) & Vlamertinghe from Properinghe too Ypres the traffic was three limbers wide with pack horses & infantry marching two abreast & single file up & down each One continual stream going day & night. All reserves left & went back to Morbeque (Morbecque)
29 Sat Left for the line at night & dug in in shell holes relieved the Sherwood Forresters The place was all shell shook & the ground sodden with recent rains. Ypres was well blown about Especially the Cathedral & Cloth Hall & not a House without a shell hole in it
The night was fairly light quiet A lot of gas-shells comeing over. We where dug in close too an old tank that had stopped a direct hit & had the crew wiped out. The hun was putting a few try fluke shots over in the hopes off catching somebody hanging about it.
30 Sun Moved up & dug a rough support line near some old Hun pill boxes. So the gun team du in his old Wire-patch & the brute used to waste ammo ammunition on them. Its no place to hang around As a person is liable to have his future cut short As they are pasted religiously at stand too
1 Mon Put in the day squatting & trying too sleep. Two off the team went too sleep & had too be dug out & we had to dig a new possie oweing too the sides off the trench falling in the ground was all shell-shook & pug-clay. A few H. E flying about at the stand-too
2 Tue Went back too old British front line at night relieved by the 4th Brigade comeing in to do a hop-over. It was about three mile back to the old line. We landed some cigarettes at a backshee Y.M.C.A. The big Hun bombing planes came over too bomb the batterys & roads & we where
3 Wed informed by the O.C. not too get rushing about like a girl looking for her boy’s photo in a house on fire as the pills where liable to drop anywhere. Its easy to tell when a Fritz plane is near you on a bombing stunt. You hear the engines droneing as under a heavy load then all off a sudden they are shut off for the swoop down to lay eggs. One off the boys was sitting on the old parapet watching the battery’s fireing when a Hun shell burst near one off them & he stopped a piece in the funny-bone & he got up & went running around in circles with two stretcher bearers after him to the amuse-
Ment of the crowd stopped all day in the old line & (? No idea sorry) in the night also. A drizzly rain came on & made it bad for the hop-over in the morning.
4 Thur The 1st & 4th Brigades went over & met the Hun in No Mans Land also comeing over. The British Barrage caught them & The Infantry took Abraham Heights & Grafenstafel which couldn’t which couldn’t be recognized as their was only one gate post standing It was blown clean off the map the Infantry going over had a rotten time as the ground was greasy clay mixed with sand on the ridge & they kept slipping over & getting mud in the mechanism off the rifles & Lewis
Guns So the Hills bomb was the only thing Guaranteed I learnt But the Artillery gave them a fair barrageplenty off shrapnel busting low & sweet over the Wily Hun & a good few prisoners comeing down a sullen looking mob & a good few boys. Also they had bread that would insult a pig They where stretcher-bearing. We moved up to be ready if a counter-attack came & the Hun bust through & dug in at Spree Farm & had a rotten time in the mud. Dug in & stood too. Raining solid all the time
5 Fri Changed over with a Tommy Division Berkshire Regiment Comeing in to do a hop over
Releived early in the morning before stand too & went back through Ypres & stayed about a mile the other side pearly all day then marched down the road & waited till midday night for old London motor busses to go back further they where fetching a Tommy division up to go over & we where off back to thetraining ground again So We understood
6 Sat Landed near Poperinghe & got off and slept nearly the rest off the night from 3 oclock & all the next day & night. Rained all the time
7 Sun Marched back too a little village called Eeche near Caestre in the
Morning & slept in a barn all the afternoon wet & very bleak winds
8 Mon Kit Inspection & we where informed that the Tommies had got held up & could’nt advance & that General Godley had called for the New Zealanders to go back & do another Stunt. Weather still rotten
9 Tue Cleaned the gun & ammunition & got ready for to leave early next morning for the line by motor-bus
Wed 10 Left Eeche by bus at day light in the morning & passed through Ypres & the Rifle Brigade & 2nd Bdge stopped at St Jean for too wait till dusk to move up which we did & dug in at Otto Farm.
At mid night & got flooded out by morning & just about shelled out If you didn’t sit in your pot-hole & keep your feet Jammed down in the mud you froze. Weather rotten.
11 Thur Yay quiet that day save dug another pot-hole & moved up in front off Grafenstafel Got there about mid-night & dug another pot-hole & got flooded out supposed to be having a rest before moveing to Assemble but having a nice freeze. Got an issue off Rum to keep out the cold
12 Fri Hopped the tapes 2nd Otago 1st 1st Otago & then 1st C.J.B.
With 2n C.J.B. in reserve misty cold bleak weather ½ the Batterys out off action & oweing to the mud the guns that where in action except the big howitzers & Naval Guns used too drop one shell on the target & when the gun recoiled it went back in the mud bed logs & all & the infantry in the front off the Hun wire would very likely stop it & half the guns where not fully manned & the Hun wire was not out But had passages through where the Hun patrols used to come through & where covered by one off his Machine Guns from a near by pill-box He had his machine Guns fireing angle fire that is the guns where in the corners off the boxes
With a gun & snipers out in a trench. The New Zealanders could’nt stand up weak with exposure & wet & cold & Pug clay. Hardly a rifle could be fired out off & mud in the mechanism off the Lewis Guns The Mills bomb was the only weapon with the bayonet The results where they got out up in No Mans Land The Gun team had six casualitys early in the day with two off us left to go on. Dead & wounded where hanging in the Hun wire like rabbits & the snipering deadly. The Rifle Brigade Had been cable-laying while the 2nd Bgde was out & they only had two days rest & where
Put over. There had been about 5 ad about 6 Hops each one being hotter The further the advance We where about 5 mile away from the Old British Line where the Third battle off Ypres started from Dead mules & men all the way Hun & British & awful smell very little grass to be seen for shell-holes the country was rolling clay & sandy ridges with swamps at the bottom & mud all the way & General Sir Alex Godley wanted what was left to do another hop at three in the afternoon. He was’nt fit to be a Third rate Yankee private rum medals & all. It was a straight out murdering match from the jump. We moved back & reorganised
At night & there where only nine left in the platoon The crys off the wounded where rotten And a man could do nothing for them because he could hardly walk weak with exposure & all the stretcher bearers had been sniped early in the day & a lot off the wounded died with the awful exposure. We had a hip off run at mid-night Thurs day & got nothing hot that night oweing to the carriers all being killed in the barrage the Hun laid down on the roads off communication. Spent another night sitting in the mud doing a freeze but lucky to be all in the one piece nearly every officer but one 2nd Lt
& the C.O. out of action The 14th Coy had 3 out of 4 of its officers killed & the other one wounded the Sergeant Major was in charge & one Sergeant left. A Lance Copperal was in charge off one platoon or what was left & after the boys where relieved there where only two or three men left that done that Stunt. They all had too leave with exposure
13 Sat Stopped in an old trench the Tommies had dug all that day Eight hrs. Armistice by mutual consent to carry in wounded & bury the dead or part off the dead the old Colonel was even stretcher bearing & what was left off 2nd C.J.B. all
The available men that were’nt holding a rough line. We moved up & done some more digging in a rough line. That’s why the Assies & New Zealanders are all called Diggers instead of soldiers stood to all night freezing a treat & a little mud would have been all right too hold the poon feet down in but we had a dry trench for a wonder
14 Sun Left the line with feet swollen & landed in the 10th Canadian Casuality Clearing Station At Poperinghe which was bombed by a Hun plane that night the British always seem to have a Howitzer battery
Stationed near an advanced Dressing Station which very often gets a shelling when the Hun locates the battery
15 Mon Put on board hospital train at night & travelled pretty slow all the way
16 Sun Landed at Camieres 22nd General A starvation hole but the quacks all looked prosperous enough. The British Machine Gun Base & also Colonial was along sid e the hospital there was no cigarettes issued by order of the head quack on account of a marquee getting burnt down & nobody
In Hospital blues served in any of the dry canteens & no pay & the rations very light But the over-worked medical staff seemed to be able to dance in the winter & play tennis in the summer. There was a big Yankee Hospital with Yankee Red Cross stationed close by
17 Wed All day in bed sleeping & resting the poor feet
18 Thur Shifted into the Stockyard among the walking cases. Had a nice starvation time if you missed a feed there you never got it back
19 Fri Still in the stockyard
20 Sat “
21 Sun Had a rotten day
22 Mon Told the quack I was alright & wanted to get back to the N.Z. Base. Marched Con Camp
23 Tue Landed in Nob Con Camp & two days later was in the N.Z. Base marked an Active Man by the Tommy Quack. But had an idea it was finish war when I dumped my gear at Passchendacle on the 14th
Jan from Page 1 to Page 6
Feb “ 6 “ 13
March “ 13 “ 21
April “ 22 “ 29
May “ 30 “ 42
June “ 43 “ 55
October “ “
July “ 55 “ 65
Sep Aug “ 65 “ 79
Oct Sep “ 79 “ 89
Oct “ 90 “ 105
When a draft or reinforcement disembarks & arrives at Sling they get the nastiest shock that’s ever bumped them for in New Zealand they lead the life of a fighting cock & don’t know there is a war on. So they get their full issue off discipline in Sling by Instructors fresh from the Big 2nd Ar Southern Command Army Schools & A good half of them had’nt seen a front line trench But where swinging it rubbing the dirt into the boys & creeping to the Heads & most off the heads where in the same street
a battalion on Parade at Sling does everything by the ta off a drum. When A crowd of us C2 boys from France landed there we thought it was a Kangaroo Hunt about too start & when they chased us out on parade we spoilt the performance by straggling Set a rotten example to the other troops as they let us alone. The Picadilly Stunt is a march past the G. O. C. every dinner time & the troops have there faults sorted out by him just like a big cattle sale. The chief from off torture is the blessed bullring where
Everything is done at the double & If you wink one eye its an orderly room case you are at dinner time that means more torture C. B. & one hrs pack drill till the term is oout, every night report to the provost sergeant every night half hour with pack or web equipment in different orders & do your pack drill with him slinging off at you in front off the Orderly Room in the mud & snow if you where not civil There was more C. B. to follow missing one call meant one more days C. B.
It was a rambling tumble down old show with a tower for a bel. Dad & Mum lived on one side with two daughters & a boy just going too join the French Colours & an unfit man & two or three children. A courtyard full off manure the horses & family lived on one side & could step into the manure heap from the front door The cows & a loft full of soldiers. A big barn with the pigs & soldiers on the ground floor completed the other two sides. The family used too work all day & half the night
Annoying the troops by feeding the pigs in the middle off the night by lantern light. The boy that was going to the war got out with the crowd one night & they filled him up with rum & helped him cut out his cask & when the pigs got fed that night the bombing section got out & bombed the camp with stones & then their was a circus. Dad & the sergeant came out to investigate The kitchen was rough. The boys drinking French beer in one corner & the village dressmaker at work in the other. Their was only a thin partition
Between the soldiers & the pigs & the concequence was a lot of Scots Grey came over the boarder to live rent free on the troop that is one off the two things that an officer shares with the Jack Privates the other is that the Hun sends over no special brand of shell. The villagers where better and more obligeing than the poor Belgians up close to the fireing line they give nothing for nothing & very little sixpence Dad was a hard old thing & used to go for a stir up with the family give the kids the round’s off the kitchen
At the back of the note book is written the following
Come to the sea this warm, bright day.
Amid on the sand We’ll skip and play
We’ll make a house
With pail and spade,
And we all will wade
We’ll see the ships
All far away
Come to the sea this warm bright day
Written by Phyliss Melluge